SHORTEST DICTIONARY

Copyright 2007. All rights reserved to the author

Dedicated to the memory of the late Itzhak Pitilon  *

Please read the next lines before pressing on the required language.

ItalianGreek (used in Greece)Hebrew (used in Israel) , French, and  Russian (used in Russia, Ukraine and more)

The principle of our unique very short "dictionary" is very simple:
In many countries, most people speak English.
Few words are necessary to ask a person who does not know English, just where is the way to a place where they know English, like your hotel.
Your words do not have to be in correct local language, but must be understandable.
The spelling here is phonetic, like in Latin.
The correct spelling in French or Italian may be totally different, and is not included here.

The author is not expert in languages. On the contrary, the author's only language expertise is his lack of knowledge, which somewhat helps to find what is really essential to know as a tourist in a country where part of its population speaks English.
While this information may help, the author and the internet site are not and cannot be responsible to any error, nor to any damage whatsoever that may be caused to anyone who uses this information.
In particular, no guarantee can be given for correct pronunciation, accentuation and/or foods names. You can buy much better, more accurate and more detailed dictionaries for just few dollars each, and use them if accuracy is important to you. If so, we recommend and urge you to rely on other dictionaries. Even better, write down what you think is missing here, and before you go to the other country, ask a person that knows the language that you need, for all the required words and sentences. Myself, I do the same, asking for specific sentences I need that are not included here. If you do not do that, the responsibility is yours.
Permission is granted to the reader to print ONE copy of this document for his own use.
Permission is NOT granted to anyone to distribute this document, either by printing or by internet, and either for profit or not. In particular, permission is NOT granted to include this document in any other internet site.

We include here just five languages:
ItalianGreek (used in Greece)Hebrew (used in Israel) , French, and  Russian (used in Russia, Ukraine and more)

Each language has here distict color for letters and background.

For all languages here important sentences are in this color (for letters).


ITALIAN (Used in Italy and the islands Sicily, Sardinia, and in part of south Switzerland)

Please read general instructions at TOP before using this dictionary.

The Italian language uses Latin letters for writing, so that you can easily read names of streets, maps, etc.

Where is (name of place)?
or
Where is the way to (name of place)?
Say:
Per la (name of place)

Place can be city, or hotel, or whatever.
Example:
Where is the restroom?
Say:
Per la tualet
or
Per i servisi
or
Per il banyo
Write:
Bagno
Comment:
In Italian and French, always pronounce
"gn"
as
"ny"

You may get a flood of explanations in Italian.
Say:
"Non kapisko Italyano."

Most Italian people are very polite.
He or she will probably show you where to go, and if he can, he will stop everything that he is doing, and accompany you to the required place or at least to a place from where he can show you where to go.

Say:
Gratsye
meaning: Thank you.

You may hear:
Preggo
meaning: You are welcome.

Good morning
Say:
Bonjurno

Good evening:
Say:
Bo-e-na sera

Good appetite
Say:
Bon apetito

To say farewell, say:
Arivederchi.

Family name
Say:
Konyo-me
(One word)
Write:
Kognome
Comment:
In Italian and French, always pronounce
"gn"
as
"ny"

ZIP (mikud)
Write IN ITALIAN:
CAP

I am vegetarian
Say:
Iyo sono vejeteryano

I do not eat meat food
Say:
Non manjo chibi a baze di karne
Or:
Senza karne, per favore

No meat, no fish (Bli basar, ve-bli dagim)
Say:
Senza karne, Senza peshe, per favore

Without spices (Bli tavlinim)
Say:
Senza kondimento, per favore

I like vegetables
Say:
Mi pyachono le verdure

Food:

This short dictionary cannot compete with thousands Italian foods.
Even a full dictionary is not sufficient either.
Books fully dedicated to Italian foods are just partially sufficient.
This tiny list of foods here may just somewhat help you to ask for regular/home food, instead drowning in a huge sea of thousands spicy/special/original Italian foods with unrecognized names.

White bread
Say:
Pane byanko

Black bread
Say:
Pane nero

Water
Say:
Aqua

Mineral water
Say:
Aqua minerale naturale

Milk (halav)
Say:
Latte

Sugar (sukar)
Say:
Tzukeru

No sugar (Bli sukar)
Say:
Senza tzukeru, per favore

Vegetables salad
Say:
Insalata di verdure

No lettuce (Bli hasa)
Say:
Senza letoga, per favore

Potatoes
Say:
Patate

Puree potatoes
Say:
Pi-re (like in English)

Lemon
Say:
Limone

Lemon juice
Say:
Suko di limone

Pancakes (levivot)
Say:
Fritele

Fresh cucumbers
Say:
Chetriyoli freski

Fresh tomatoes
Say:
Pomodoro freski

Soup
Say:
Brodo

Cauliflower (Kruvit)
Say:
Kavolfiori

Fruits (Peyrot)
Say:
Frutta

Fruits salade (Salat peyrot)
Say:
Machedonya di frutta

Bean (She'o'it)
Say:
Fagyoli

Pea (Afuna)
Say:
Piseli

Rice (Orez)
Say:
Rizo

Mushrums
Say:
Fungi

Mushrums from nature
Say:
Porchini

Cheese (Gvina)
Say:
Formaggyo

There are hundreds sorts of cheese, each has its unique Italian name

In most countries
White cheese (Gvina levana)
is a general name for many sorts of white cheese, including (but limited to) all sorts of cottage cheese, but excluding all sorts of yellow cheese.
Translated to Italian:
Formaggyo byanko
Yet, it is not sure that Italian person will understand you if you do not pronounce the exact Italian name of the cheese that you want...

Like in any country and city, avoid dangerous zones, particularly at night.
Most services in Italy are closed between 13:00 and 16:30 hours, including most restaurants.
Seeing the very nice and famous English speaking comedy movie "Awanti" may let you somewhat into the Italian spirit as seen by an American person, or by another outsider (Yet "awanti" is not the most important word in Italian. I heard it much in this movie, but not even once in Rome or Florence/Firenze).

End of shortest dictionary of Italian for English speaking people.


This tiny English-Italian dictionary was made to help
IARD2012 Conference participants

Top of page

Back to host home page

__________________________________________________________

GREEK (used in Greece including Crete and all islands in the Aegean Sea)

Please read general instructions at TOP before using this dictionary.

The Greek language uses Greek letters, not Latin letters.
Try to get maps in English, or in Latin letters.

Note that "yes" is in Greek:
Ne

Note that English "no" is in Greek:
Ochi

Still the most important is:

Where is (name of place)?
or
Where is the way to (name of place)?
Ask:
Pu i-ne (name of place)?
(i-ne is one word)

Place can be city, or hotel, or whatever.

Example:
Where is the restroom?
Ask:
Pu i-ne i tu-aleta?

Example:
Where is the shower?
Ask:
Pu i-ne to banyo?

Example:
Where are rooms for renting?
Ask:
Pu i-ne domatya?

Example:
Where is the valley of butterflies?
Ask:
Pu i-ne Petaloudes?
This question may be useful in Rhodes Island, and in Paros Island.
Actually, these are beautiful moths.

Straightforward
Say:
Efti-a

Go left
Say:
Aristera

Go right
Say:
Deksi-a

Say:
Ef-haristo
meaning: Thank you.

Or, say:
Ef-haristopoli
meaning: Thank you very much.

You may hear:
Separakalo
or shortly:
Parakalo
meaning: Please.

Good morning
Say:
Kalimera

Good evening:
Say:
Kalispera

Good night:
Say:
Kalinichta

To say farewell, say:
Adiyo

Have success (good luck in English)
is
Kali epitichya
in Greek

I speak English
Say:
Mila-o Anglika

I do not want
Say:
Den thelo

Sunday
Say:
Kiryaki

Monday
Say:
Deftera

Tuesday
Say:
Triti

Wednesday
Say:
Tetarti

Thursday
Say:
Pempti

Friday
Say:
Paraskevi

Saturday
Say:
Savato

Restaurant
Say:
Estiyatorio

Shop/store for milk and milk products
Say:
Galaktopli-yo

Shop for cakes and sweet food
Say:
Zacharoplasti-yo

Waiter (melzar)
Say:
servitoros

Good appetite
Say:
Kali oreksi

Appetizers
Say:
Mezedes

May I get...
Say:
Mu dinete...

I am vegetarian
Say:
Ime hortofagos

No meat no fish:
Say:
Ochi kre-as ochi psarya

Food (partial selection):

Bread
Say:
Psomi

Water
Say:
Nero

Mineral water
Say:
Metaliko nero

Glass with water
Say:
Ena potiri nero

Soft egg (beiza raka)
Say:
Avga melata

Hardboiled egg (beiza kasha)
Say:
Sfichta

Omelette (havita)
Say:
Omeleta

Cheese pie
Say:
Tiropita

Yoghurt
Say:
Yi-a-urti

Lemon
Say:
Lemoni

Lemon juice
Say:
Lemonada

Salads
Say:
Salates

Vegetables
Say:
Lachanika

Greek salad
Say:
Horiyatiki salata

Vegetables
Say:
Lachanika

Cucumbers
Say:
Angurya

Tomatoes
Say:
Domates

Olives
Say:
Elyes

Salt
Say:
Alati

Milk
Say:
Gala

Cheese
Say:
Tiri

Butter
Say:
Vutiro

Sugar
Say:
Zachari

Artichokes
Say:
Anginares

Orange
Say:
portokalya

Grapes
Say:
Stafilya

Apple
Say:
Milo

Fruits
Say:
Fruta

Fig
Say:
Sika

Watermelon
Say:
Karpuzi

Melon
Say:
Peponi

Bananas
Say:
Bananes

Icecream
Say:
Pagoto

Beans
Say:
Mavromakita

Green beans
Say:
Fasolakya

White beans
Say:
Fasolya

White beans' soup
Say:
Fasolada

Meat
Say:
Kre-as

Fish
Say:
Psarya

Toast
Say:
Friganya
or:
Tost

Sandwich
is the same word in Greek.

National food (partial selection):

Tzaziki
is
Yoghurt with cucumbers and garlic

Feta
or
Tiri feta
is
White salty cheese from lambs' milk or sheep's milk

Kasseri
is
Soft yellow cheese from lambs' milk

Greece has many sorts of SALTY cheese

National sweet food (partial selection):
Beware: "sweet" Greek food is VERY SWEET
STRICTLY FORBIDDEM FOR DIABETES PATIENTS!


Bugatsa
is
Pastry filled with eggs

Kada-ifi
is
Pastry filled with nuts and/or honey

Baklawa
is
Dough leafs (batzek alim) filled with nuts and/or honey

Lukumi
is
Rahat lukum (some very sweet food)

Halva
is
Sweetmeat of sesame oil, with or without nuts

Halvas tu furnu
is
Baked halva

Lukumades
are
Sweet pancakes

Rizogalo
is
Rice pudding

and there are many more unique sweet Greek foods.

Like in any country and city, avoid dangerous zones, particularly at night.

End of shortest dictionary of Greek for English speaking people.


This tiny English-Greek dictionary was made to help
IARD2008 Conference participants

Top of page

Back to host home page

__________________________________________________________

HEBREW (used in ISRAEL)

Please read general instructions at TOP before using this dictionary.

The Hebrew language uses Hebrew letters, not Latin letters.
Try to get maps in English, or in Latin letters.
Hebrew uses the same digits as English, French, Italian, etc.

Where is (name of place)?
Say:
Eyfo (name of place)?

Where is the way to (name of place)?
Say:
Eyfo hadereh le(name of place)?

Place can be city, or hotel, or whatever.

Example:
Where is the restroom?
Ask:
Eyfo hasherutim?

Example:
Where is hotel (name)?
Ask:
Eyfo malon (name)?

Example:
Where is my airplane?
Ask:
Eyfo hamatos sheli?
(and show your ticket).

Example:
Where is my ship?
Ask:
Eyfo ha-oniya sheli?

Example:
Where is my small ship?
Ask:
Eyfo hasfina sheli?

Say:
Toda
meaning: Thank you,
or
Toda raba
meaning: Thank you very much.

You may hear:
Bevakasha
meaning: Please.

Good morning
Say:
Boker tov.

Good evening:
Say:
Erev tov.

Good night:
Say:
Layla tov.

When you meet a person, it is common to start with:
Shalom
Meaning: Peace.
It can replace the last three above, and also declare that your intentions are in peace.
When you want to say farewell to a person, it is also common to say:
Shalom
Meaning: Peace.
It also can declare that you are saying farewell in peace intentions.

To say farewell, you may say:
Le-hitra-ot
(le-hitra-ot one word)
meaning also
See you again

Good appetite
Say:
Bete-avon
(bete-avon one word)

Restaurant
Say:
Mis-ada

Waiter
Say:
Meltzar

May I get...
Ask:
Efshar lekabel...

I am vegetarian
Say:
Ani tsimhoni

No meat and no fish
Say:
Lo basar velo dagim

Water
Say:
Mayim

Glass of water
Say:
Kos mayim

Mineral water
Say:
Mayim mineraliyim

Bread
Say:
Lehem

White bread
Say:
Lehem lavan

Black bread
Say:
Lehem shahor

Sandwich, toast, yoghurt, artichoke, melon, banana:
say the same words in Hebrew

Milk
Say:
Halav

Coffee
Say:
Kafe

Tea
Say:
Te

Yellow cheese
Say:
Gvina tse-huba

White cheese
Say:
Gvina levana

Note that WHITE cheese in Israel includes many sorts besides cottage cheese, either salty or not, far beyond any country in the world.
Sorts of yellow cheese are also available.
Look in supermarkets and nature shops.
Special shops for cheese are not available within the cities.

Salt
Say:
Melach

Salty
Say:
Malu-ah

Salty cheese
Say:
Gvina Mlu-ha

Sugar
Say:
Sukar

Butter
Say:
Hem-a

Honey
Say:
Dvash

Potatoes
Say:
Tapuhey adama

Salad
Say:
Salat

Soup
Say:
Marak

Vegetables
Say:
Yerakot

Tomatoes
Say:
Agvaniyot

Cucumbers
Say:
Melafefonim

Olives
Say:
Zeytim

Beans
Say:
Sheo-it

Pea
Say:
Afuna

Egg
Say:
Beytsa

Eggs
Say:
Beytsim

Hardboiled egg
Say:
Beytsa kasha

Soft egg
Say:
Beytsa raka

Omelette or scrambled omelette
Say:
Havita

Not scrambled omelette
Say:
Havita ayin

Fruits
Say:
Peyrot

Lemon
Say:
Limon

Pure lemon juice
Say:
Mitz limon

Lemon drink (lemon mixed with water)
Say:
Limonada

Oranges
Say:
Tapuzim

Orange juice
Say:
Mitz tapuzim

Many other fruit juices (and vegetable juices) are also available

Watermelon
Say:
Avati-ah

Apple
Say:
Tapu-ah etz

Grapes
Say:
Anavim

Fig
Say:
Te-ena

Cake
Say:
Uga

Icecream
Say:
Glida

Fish
Say:
Dag

Meat
Say:
Basar

Have success (good luck in English)
is
Be-hatslaha
in Hebrew
(be-hatslaha one word)

If someone sneezes, say:
Labri-ut.

I speak English
Say:
Ani medaber anglit

I do not speak Hebrew
Say:
Eyneni medaber ivrit
or, if he does not understand, say:
Ani lo medaber ivrit.

I do not want
Say:
Ey-neni ro-tse
or
Ani lo ro-tse
(ey-neni one word)
(ro-tse one word)

I want
Say:
Ani ro-tse

I do not know
Say:
Ey-neni yode-a
or:
Ani lo yode-a

I do not understand
Say:
Ey-neni mevin
or:
Ani lo mevin

I understand
Say:
Ani mevin

Have you (something)?
Ask:
Yesh le-ha (something)?

Yes
Say:
Ken.

No
Say:
Lo.

Strong "no"
Say:
Beshum ofen lo.

Good
Say:
Tov.

Bad
Say:
Ra.

Bed
Say:
Mita.

What is this?
is in Hebrew:
Ma ze?

Why?
Ask:
Lama?

Because (reason)
Answer:
Biglal (reason)
or answer:
Mipney she(reason)

Day
Say:
Yom.

Night
Say:
Layla.

Hebrew
is
ivrit
in Hebrew

It is difficult
Say:
Ze kashe.

It is easy
Say:
Ze kal.

It is the same
Say:
Ze oto davar.

It is different
Say:
Ze sho-ne

Do not forget me
Say:
Al tishkah oti

1 One
is
Ehad (masculine)
Ahat (feminine)
in Hebrew.

1st First
is
Rishon (masculine)
Rishona (feminine)
in Hebrew

One second
is
Shniya ahat
in Hebrew

One minute
is
Daka ahat
in Hebrew

Wait one minute
is
Rak daka
or
Rak rega
or just
Rega
in Hebrew

One hour
is
Sha-ah ahat
in Hebrew

2 Two
is
Shnayim (masculine)
Shtayim (feminine)
in Hebrew.

2nd Second
is
Sheni (masculine)
Shniya (feminine)
in Hebrew

1/2 Half
is
Hetsi
in Hebrew.

Two seconds
is
Shtey shni-yot
in Hebrew.

Two minutes
is
Shtey dakot
in Hebrew

Two hours
is
Shtey sha-ot
or
She-ata-yim
in Hebrew.
(sha-ot one word)
(She-ata-yim one word)

3 Three
is
Shalosh (feminine)
Shlosha (masculine)
in Hebrew.

3rd Third
is
Shlishi (masculine)
Shlishit (feminine)
in Hebrew

1/3 Third
is
Shlish
in Hebrew.

Three seconds
is
Shalosh shni-yot
in Hebrew

Three minutes
is
Shalosh dakot
in Hebrew

Three hours
is
Shalosh sha-ot
in Hebrew

4 Four
is
Arba (feminine)
Arba-ah (masculine)
in Hebrew.

4th Fourth
is
Revi-i (masculine)
Revi-it (feminine)
in Hebrew

1/4 quarter
is
Reva
in Hebrew.

5 Five
is
Hamesh (feminine}
Hamisha (masculine)
in Hebrew.

5th Fifth
is
Hamishi (masculine)
Hamishit (feminine)
in Hebrew

1/5
is
Hamishit
in Hebrew.

6 Six
is
Shesh (feminine)
Shisha (masculine)
in Hebrew.

6th Sixth
is
Shishi (masculine)
Shishit (feminine)
in Hebrew

1/6
is
Shishit
in Hebrew.

7 Seven
is
Sheva (feminine)
Shiv-ah (masculine)
in Hebrew.

7th Seventh
is
Shvi-i (masculine)
Shvi-it (Feminine)
in Hebrew.

1/7
is
Shvi-it
in Hebrew.

8 Eight
is
Shmone (feminine)
Shmona (masculine)
in Hebrew.

Number 8
is
Mispar shmone
in Hebrew

8th Eighth
is
Shmini (masculine)
Shminit (feminine)
in Hebrew

1/8
is
Shminit
in Hebrew.

9 Nine
is
Tesha (feminine)
Tish-ah (masculine)
in Hebrew.

9th Ninth
is
Tshi-i (masculine)
Tshi-it (feminine)
in Hebrew

1/9
is
Tshi-it
in Hebrew.

10 Ten
is
Eser (feminine)
Asara (masculine)
in Hebrew.

10th Tenth
is
Asiri (masculine)
Asirit (feminine)
in Hebrew

1/10
is
Asirit
in Hebrew.

11 Eleven
is
Ahad asar (masculine)
Ahat es-re (feminine)
in Hebrew.

14 Fourteen
is
Arba es-re (feminine)
Arba-ah asar (masculine)
in Hebrew.

18 Eighteen
is
Shmone es-re (feminine)
Shmona asar (masculine)
in Hebrew.

19 Nineteen
is
Tsha es-re (feminine)
Tish-ah asar (masculine) in Hebrew.

20 Twenty
is
Esrim
in Hebrew

60 Sixty
is
Shishim
in Hebrew.

61 Sixty one
is
Shishim ve-ehad (masculine)
Shishim ve-ahat (feminine)
in Hebrew.
that is 60+1.

80 Eighty
is
Shmonim
in Hebrew

81 Eighty one
is
Shmonim ve-ehad (masculine)
Shmonim ve-ahat (feminine) that is 80+1.

100 Hundred
is
Me-a
in Hebrew

200 Two hundred
is
Matayim
in Hebrew

1000 thousand
is
Elef
in Hebrew

2000 Two thousands
is
Alpayim
in Hebrew

Note that some Hebrew words have two meanings, like
Hamishit is 5th (feminine) but also 1/5,
Shishit is 6th (feminine) but also 1/6,
Shvi-it is 7th (feminine) but also 1/7,
Shminit is 8th (feminine) but also 1/8,
Tshi-it is 9th (feminine) but also 1/9,
Asirit is 10th (feminine) but also 1/10,
Rishon is first (masculine) but yom rishon is Sunday,
Sheni is 2nd (masculine) but yom sheni is Monday,
Shlishi is 3rd (masculine) but yom shlisi is Tuesday,
Revi-i is 4th (masculine) but yom revi-i is Wednesday,
Hamishi is 5th (masculine) but yom hamishi is Thursday,
Shishi is 6th (masculine) but yom shishi is Friday,
(but Saturday is shabat).
(Double meaning happens in many languages:
In English, third is 1/3 but also 3rd,
while in Hebrew 1/3 is shlish, but 3rd is shlishi, with additional i at the end of word).

If you are told a number in Hebrew, do not even try to look in the long and far from complete list of numbers in Hebrew given above. Surprise him.

Give him a piece of paper and a pencil or pen, and say:
Ktov li bevakasha et hamispar
Meaning
Write for me the number, please.
Or, just say:
Ktov li
Meaning
Write for me.

This way you take advantage of the fact that the digits are the same in French, English, Italian and Hebrew.
It may be useful when you are told a price in Hebrew numbers.

Whatever will be, will be
is
Yih-ye ma she-yih-ye.

English speaking visitors in Israel sometimes say that Hebrew is a strange language:
Oti is me,
Me? is who?,
Who is he,
He is she,
and when you want to call a girl, you say "Boy" ...

Like in any country and city, avoid dangerous zones, particularly at night.

End of shortest dictionary of Hebrew for English speaking people.


Top of page

Back to host home page

__________________________________________________________

FRENCH
(used in France and the island of Corsica, and in parts of the countries Switzerland, Belgium and Canada, and in some countries and islands in other continents)


Please read general instructions at TOP before using this dictionary.

The French language uses Latin letters for writing, so that you can easily read names of streets, maps, etc.

Many French people need special "password" in French to switch their mind to foreign language. *

Say:
Je ne par-le pa Fran-se
(par-le is one word)
(Fran-se is one word)
Meaning:
I do not speak French.

If you are brave, say:
Je par-le Fran-se jist empe
Meaning:
I speak very little French.

Because of this, you must know more French, than what may be sufficient in other languages.

When you are asked a question in French, you can choose to answer:
Je ne se pa
Meaning:
I do not know

Or say:
Exc-yu-se mu-a
(exc-yu-se is one word)
(mu-a is one word)
Or:
Pardon
Meaning:
Excuse me,
or
Pardon me,

or answer
Je ne comprand pa
Meaning:
I do not understand

or answer
Me mis-ie, je swi le turist
meaning:
But sir, I am a tourist.

Before each sentence that you say or question that you ask another French person in English, you may perhaps need to say one of the "passwords" above, so, if you can say it in French it may be simpler.
After knowing this, we may continue as in other languages,

Where is (name of place)?
or
Where is the way to (name of place)?
Ask:
U-eh (name of place)?
or:
U-eh le (place)?

Place can be city, or hotel, or whatever.

Example:
Where is my airplane?
Ask:
U-eh mon avion?
(and show your ticket).
(u-eh one word)

Say:
Mersi
Meaning
Thank you,

or say:
Mersi boku
Meaning
Thank you very much.

you may hear:
Avec plesir
meaning: Please.

You may be asked:
Komonta-le vu?
Meaning:
How are you?

You may answer:
Sava
Meaning:
Ok.

you may hear:
Petetre
meaning: Perhaps.

You may hear:
Ja-me
Ja-me one word
Meaning: Never.

you may hear:
Regarde
meaning: Look.

you may hear:
Ekute
meaning: Listen.

When you ask something, or ask for something, (even in English), add at the end:
sil vu ple
which is:
If you want,
But actually means
Please

If you order something for the future, (even in English), you may say at the end:
Ne me ubliye pa, sil vu ple
or Ne me ki-te pa, sil vu ple
meaning:
Do not forget me, please

You may hear:
Dakor
Meaning in this case:
Ok
or
Byensur
meaning in this case:
Surely

Good morning
Say:
Bonjur

Good evening
Say:
Bonswar

Good night
is:
Bon nwi

Good appetite
Say:
Bon apetit

If someone sneezes, say:
a la sante
Or:
a votre sante

See you again:
Say:
O-re-vu-ar

It is the same
Say:
Se la mem shos.

It is not the same
Say:
Se ne pa la mem shos.
A Frenchman may say:
Se pa la mem shos.

It is difficult
Say:
Se defisil.

He is not here
Say:
Il ne pa la

Your car
Say:
Votre votir

I understand
Say:
Je comprand.

It is true
Say:
Se vre

You may start your sentence in English with:
Alors
or
Donk
Meaning:
If so,

You may hear as answer:
Naturalmon
which is "naturally," but actually means:
Of course
or you may hear:
Byensur
which is
Surely,
Both meaning that he/she fully agrees.

You may hear:
Se meyer
meaning:
It is better.

You may hear:
Depesh tu-a
meaning:
Do it faster.
But, if you must say this, be more polite and say:
Depesh vu.

You may hear:
Omniva
meaning:
Let's go.

What is this?
is in French:
keskese?

Why?
Ask:
Pur qwa?

Because (reason)
Answer:
parske (reason)

Today
Say:
ojardwi

Every day
say:
shak jur

Every week
say:
shak semen

Every year
say:
shak a-ne
(a-ne one word)

Afternoon
Say:
apre midi

Tomorrow
Say:
dema

Now
say:
Matno

How much?
say:
Komb-ye?

Sea
say:
Mer

We go to the sea
Say:
Nuzalon o mer

We go to the beach
Say:
Nuzalon o plag

More
Say:
Onkor

Cake
Say:
Gato

(but
Bato
is
ship. Yet
Batimo
is
small ship)

With
Say:
avec

Creme cake
Say:
Gato avec le krem

Milk
Say:
Le

Coffee with milk
Say:
Ka-fe o le

You may be asked:
Vu-le vu kelke shos?
Meaning:
Do you want something?

In restaurant you may be asked:
Vu-le vu peti dejene?
Meaning:
Do you want small meal?

You may ask:
A-ve vu ka-fe o le?
Meaning:
Have you coffee with milk?

You may be answered:
Wi, nuzavon ka-fe o le e peti gato avec la krem
Meaning:
Yes, we have coffee with milk and small cake with creme

Money
Say:
Arjon

The money
Say:
Larjon

You may be asked:
A-ve vu larjon?
Meaning:
Have you money?

While waiting in line you may hear:
Vu set la prochen
Meaning:
You are next.

Fish
Say:
Pu-aso
(pu-aso one word)

(but
Zu-azo
is
bird.
zu-azo one word)

Cheese
Say:
Fromage

France has many sorts of YELLOW cheese, far beyond any country in the world, and special shops for cheese.

1 One
is
"in" (feminine)
an (masculine)
in French.

2 Two
is
"de"
in French.

2nd Second
is
Dez-yem

3 Three
is
tru-a
in French.
(tru-a is one word)

3rd Third
is
Tru-az-yem

4 Four
is
kat-re
in French.
(kat-re is one word)

7 Seven
is
set
in French.

8 Eight
is
Wit
in French.

Number 8
is
Numero wit
in French

9 Nine
is
nef
in French.

10 Ten
is
diz
in French.

11 Eleven
is
onz
in French.

14 Fourteen
is
katorz
in French.

18 Eighteen
is
dis-wit
in French.

19 Nineteen
is
dis-nef
in French.

20 Twenty
is
va
in French.

60 Sixty
is
su-a-son
in French.
(su-a-son is one word)

61 Sixty one
is
"su-a-son etin" (feminine)
"su-a-son an" (masculine)
in French.
that is 60+1.

80 Eighty
is
katrevan
in French
that is 4X20.

81 Eighty one
is
"katrevan etin" (feminine)
"katrevan an" (masculine)
in French
that is 4X20+1.
Of course.
Sorry, naturalmon

What is a good hour to leave (the hotel)?
Ask:
kel e bon heir pur partir?

If he says:
onz
he means:
Eleven.

If he says something else, do not even try to look in the long and far from complete list of numbers in French given above. Surprise him.

Give him a piece of paper and a pencil or pen, and say:
Ekri-ve pur mu-a le numero
Meaning
Write for me the number.

This way you take advantage of the fact that the digits are the same in French, English, Italian and Hebrew.
It may be useful when you are told a price in French numbers.

Good
is
Bon

Very good
is
Trebon.

Surely
is
Byensur.

Bad
is
Mal.

Very bad
is
Tremal.

Yes
Say:
Wi.

Strong "yes"
Say:
Mewi.

Strong "no"
Say:
Meno

Have you (something)?
Ask:
A-ve vu le (something)?

Example:
Have you a car?
Ask:
A-ve vu le votir?

Whatever will be, will be
is
Key sera sera.

I want (something)
Say:
Je ve (something).

I do not want (something)
Say:
Je ne ve pa (something).

Frankly, when I hear a French person speaking fast French, I just hear: "Pa-pa-pa."
Naturalmon.
It is NOT a machine gun. Actually, beyond the "pa-pa-pa" stands a nice Frenchman, or a nice Frenchwoman.
Naturalmon.

Like in any country and city, avoid dangerous zones, particularly at night.

End of shortest dictionary of French for English speaking people.

__________________________________________________________
* How do I know?
Once in an empty bus a French person stood in the passage with his face to the back of the bus, speaking with a sitting lady. He could not see me and the long line of persons waiting behind me and out of the bus. I told him "excuse me" few times, but he did not hear. I did not want to shout, nor touch him.
Then I said quietly: "exc-yuse mu-a" (in French).
Immediately the Frenchman jumped and apologized: "O pardon."
The polite Frenchman really did not hear me when I spoke English with him!
Naturalmon.


Top of page

Back to host home page

__________________________________________________________

RUSSIAN (used in Russia, Ukraine, East Europe and more)

Please read general instructions at TOP before using this dictionary.

The Russian language uses Cyril letters, not Latin letters.
Try to get maps in English, or in Latin letters.

Note that in Russian speaking countries, just a small percent of the population speak English.
Most professors, doctors, engineers and university educated persons, and some other persons, do speak English.

Where is (name of place)?
or
Where is the way to (name of place)?
Ask:
Kak praytsi (name of place)?

Place can be city, or hotel, or whatever.

Say:
Spasiva
meaning: Thank you.

You may hear:
Prajalsta
meaning: Please.

Have success (good luck in English)
is
Udachi
in Russian

Why?
is
Pachimu?
in Russian.

I do not want
or I do not agree
is
Nihachu
in Russian.

Come here
is:
idi suda
in Russian.

Yes
is:
Da
in Russian.

No
is:
Nyet
in Russian.

If you are asked a question in Russian, or you are talked to in Russian, just say:
Ni chi vo-ne ponimayu
that is:
I do not understand anything
or,
Ni chi vo-ne zna-yu
that is:
I do not know anything,
each of both meaning:
I do not speak Russian.

1 One
is
"adin"
in Russian.

2 Two
is
"dva"
in Russian.

3 Three
is
Tertse
in Russian.

8 Eight
is
vosim
in Russian.

During cold/snow days, you may use the Russian hat that covers the ears, called
Oshanka.

Like in any country and city, avoid dangerous zones, particularly at night.
In some countries, avoid radioactive zones (with Chernobyl originated contamination).
This includes vast areas of Chernobyl originated contamination in Ukraine, Belarus and other countries in Eastern Europe.
There are also small "hotspots" of Chernobyl originated contamination in North Europe, Central Europe, and South Europe.


End of shortest dictionary of Russian for English speaking people.

__________________________________________________________

Top of page

Back to host home page

___________________________________________________

* The late Itzhak Pitilon, (born Thessalonica, Greece, 1925, deceased Israel, 1995) who taught me that:
"Where is the way to"
is in Greek:
Pu i-ne.
Later while driving near an empty junction I asked a lonely truck driver who parked nearby:
Pu i-ne (name of place)?
The truck driver waved with his hand, pointing to the direction.
I said:
Ef haristo
The driver answered:
Separakalo.
The truck driver surely understood that I was not born in Greece. But I think that he did not realize that these were all the Greek words I knew then (nor do I know much more Greek words now).

Top of page




You may explore selected features of the host internet site

Links to selected features of the host internet site:


 Book on relativity Improving Einstein's relativity explains unsolved astronomical observations --------->
Order book: email dillone.bookorder@gmail.com
 Tornado Tornado mechanism and tornado source of energy - solved
 The source of life on Earth Breaking sea waves
 Supernova: Exploding star Bounceback of implosion solved
 Three papers on relativistic rotation:          
 Additional three papers on relativity:          
 List of papers
 Tiny dictionary for touristItaly  Greece  France  Israel
 Photographs of views
 Virtual editor (Software)
 IARD International Association for Relativistic Dynamics

Order book: email dillone.bookorder@gmail.com

Move over the photograph or click for more details


or click below for the page of the publisher:


Top of page